Due to temporal and spatial variability of rainfalls, Sri Lanka experiences local scarcity. This case study documents a set of projects designed by the Asian Development Bank to streamline water resource management arrangements. However, since they failed to take into account local policy contexts, few of the projects were implemented, in spite of a national desire for policy reform. Case Studies illustrate experiences gathered with implementing IWRM.
External policy advocates were ignorant of the political climate in Sri Lanka and failed to recognise either the politicised nature of water or the complex multi-party dynamics which would come to undermine the policy development process.