The multi-sectoral challenges of limited energy access in protracted crises include malnutrition, protection risks, gender-based violence, environmental degradation, unsustainable livelihoods, natural hazards and climate change. It is important to view these challenges not in isolation but in the broader frame of access to water, food, energy and ecosystem services. All four elements are crucial for human well-being and are intrinsically linked. A nexus approach will help to identify trade-offs and synergies, resulting in a more coordinated way of addressing these interlinked issues.

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