The assessment found significant WASH needs amongst assessed populations, regardless of displacement status or location. Nevertheless, important differences were observed between population groups, settings and regions.

Access to water is a key challenge across the area, both in terms of quantity and quality. Overall, KIs reported that only a minority of people manage to secure enough water to meet their needs and that a fifth of the communities rely exclusively on unimproved sources. Limited access to water is mostly due to the fact that people do not have enough containers to fetch and store water, and that existing waterpoints are not sufficient, or are too far. The situation is particularly concerning for certain strata of the population, such as people living in the bush and, to a lesser extent, in rural villages, likely due to the limited coverage of WASH infrastructure in remote areas.

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